Medical Terminology

abortifacient   – inducing abortion

anti-abortifacient  – an agent that prevents abortion or promotes successful gestation

adaptogen  – improves the body’s ability to adapt to stress

adjuvant   – aiding the action of a medicinal agent

alterative  – blood purifier

analeptic  – restorative or stimulating effect on central nervous system

analgesic  – relieve pain

anaphrodisiac  – reduces capacity for sexual arousal

anesthetic  – induces loss of sensation or consciousness due to the depression of nerve function

anodyne  – relieves pain

anthelmintic  – an agent which expels worms

antianemic  – preventing or curing anemia

anti-asthmatics  – relieving or counteracting the symptoms of asthma

antibacterial  – destroying or stopping the growth of bacteria

antibilious  – acts on the bile, easing stomach stress

antibiotic  – inhibits the growth of, or destroy, bacteria, viruses or amoebas

anticatarrh  – reduces inflamed mucous membranes of head and throat

antidepressant  – therapy that acts to prevent, cure, or alleviate mental depression

antidiabetic  – preventing or relieving diabetes

antidiarrhetic  – substances use to prevent or treat diarrhea

antiemetic  – stopping vomiting

antiepileptic  – relieves fits

antifungal  – destroying or inhibiting the growth of fungus

antihemorrhagic  – controlling hemorrhaging or bleeding

anti-infectous  – counteracting infection

anti-inflammatory  – controlling inflammation, a reaction to injury or infection

antimalarial  – preventing or relieving malaria

antimicrobial  – destructive to microbes

Anti-neoplastics  – aid the body in reasserting order and structured organization in the affected cancerous tissue

antioxident  – prevents or inhibits oxidation

antiperiodic  – arrests morbid periodical movements

antipruritic  – preventing or relieving itching

antipyretic or febrifuge  – agent that reduces fever

antirheumatic  – easing pain of rheumatism, inflammation of joints and muscles

antiseptic  – agent used to produce asepsis and to remove pus, blood, etc.

antispasmodic  – calming nervous and muscular spasms or convulsions


antitussive  – controlling or preventing cough

antiviral  – opposing the action of a virus

aperient  – a very mild laxative

aperitive  – stimulating the appetite for food

aphrodisiac  – substance increasing capacity for sexual arousal

aromatic  – stimulant, spicy

asepsis  – sterile, a condition free of germs, infection, and any form of life

astringent  – agent that constricts and binds by coagulation of proteins a cell surface

bitter  – stimulates appetite or digestive function

cardiotonic  – increases strength and tone  – normal tension or response to stimuli of the heart

carminative  – causing the release of stomach or intestinal gas

catarrhal  – pertaining to the inflammation of mucous membranes of the head and throat

cathartic  – an active purgative, producing bowel movements

cholagogue  – an agent that increases flow of bile from gallbladder

cicatrizant  – aiding formation of scar-tissue and healing wounds

counterirritant  – agent producing an inflammatory response for affecting an adjacent area

demulcent  – soothing action on inflammation, especially of mucous membranes

deobstruent  – removes obstructions

depurative  – purifies the blood

dermatitis  – inflammation of the skin evidenced my itchiness, redness, and various lesions

detergent  – cleansing to boils, ulcers, and wounds

diaphoretic  – increases perspiration  – syn: sudorific

discutient  – dissolves and removes tumors

diuretic  – increases urine flow

dysmenorrhea  – painful menstruation

dyspepsia  – imperfect or painful digestion

ecbolic  – tends to increase contractions of uterus, facilitating childbirth

emetic  – produces vomiting

emmenagogue  – agent that regulates and induces normal menstruation

emollient  – softens and soothes the skin

errhine  – bringing on sneezing, increasing flow of mucus in nasal passages

escharotic  – a caustic substance that destroys tissue and causes sloughing

esculent  – eatable as food

estrogenic  – causes the production of estrogen

euphoriant  – produces a sense of bodily comfort; temporary effect and often addictive

exanthematous  – remedy for skin eruptions and diseases

expectorant  – facilitates removal of secretions

febrifuge  – an agent that reduces or relieves a fever

flatulence  – excessive gas in the stomach or intestine

galactagogue  – an agent that promotes the flow of milk

hemagogue  – an agent that promotes the flow of blood

hemostatic  – controls the flow or stops the flow of blood

hepatic  – having to do with the liver

herpetic  – treating skin eruptions relating to the herpes virus, ringworm etc.

hypertensive  – raises blood pressure

hypoglycemant  – agent that lowers blood sugar

hypotensive  – lowers blood pressure

lactifuge  – reduces the flow of milk

lithotriptics  – dissolve and eliminate urinary and biliary stones and gravel

laxative  – substance that acts to loosen the bowels contents

masticatory  – increases flow of saliva upon chewing

Musculoskeletal  – strengthen bones and connective tissue

narcotic  – induces drowsiness, sleep, or stupor and lessons pain

nauseant  – produces vomiting

nervine  – calm nervous tension and nourish the nervous system

neuralgia  – severe sharp pain along the course of a nerve

nutritive  – rich in vitamins and minerals; a source of easily assimilated nutrients

opthalmicum  – a remedy for disease of the eye

oxytocic  – stimulate uterine contractions to assist and induce labour

parturfaciant  – induces contractions of labor at childbirth

pectoral  – remedy to relieve chest affections

purgative  – laxative, causes the evacuation of intestinal contents

pyorrhoea  – degenerative disease of the gums

resolvent  – dissolves and removes tumors

resorbent  – aids reabsorption of blood from bruises

rheumatism  – a general term for acute or chronic conditions characterized by inflammation of the muscles and joints  – includes arthritis, gout, bursitis, myositis, and fibromyositis

rubefacient  – agent which reddens skin, dilates the vessels, and increases blood supply locally

sedative  – exerts a soothing, tranquilizing effect on the body

sialagogues  – stimulate the flow of saliva

soporific  – inducing sleep

stimulant  – temporarily increases body or organ function

stomachic  – aids the stomach and digestion action

styptic  – arrests hemorrhage and bleeding

sudorific  – acts to increase perspiration

tonic  – a substance that increases strength and tone

trophorestorative  – nutritive and restorative to the nerves and nerve tissue

vermifuge  – expels worms

vulnerary  – a medicine used in the healing of wounds